What is the Difference Between TFT LCD and OLED?

TFT (thin film transistor) is the abbreviation of thin film transistor, but actually refers to thin film transistor (color active matrix), which can “actively” control each independent pixel on the screen, Each pixel is divided into RED, GREEN, BLUE dots which are arranged in vertical stripe, which is the origin of the so-called color active matrix TFT.

TFT LCD display is the mainstream display device in all kinds of notebook computers and desktop computers. Such as 13 inch to 15.6 inch usual laptop screen, and some industrial lcd screen 7 inch, 8 inch and 10.1 inch.

TFT display has the advantages of high response, high brightness, high contrast and so on.

TFT LCD need LED backlight.

OLED, namely organic light emitting diode, also known as organic electro-luminesence display (OELD)

The basic structure of OLED is composed of a thin and transparent indium tin oxide (ITO) with semiconductor characteristics, which is connected with the positive pole of power, plus another metal cathode, which is wrapped into a sandwich structure. The whole structure layer includes hole transport layer (HTL), light emitting layer (EL) and electron transport layer (ETL). When the power is supplied to an appropriate voltage, the positive hole and the cathode charge will be combined in the light-emitting layer to produce light.

OLED is characterized by its own light, unlike TFT LCD, which requires backlight.

Thus it has high visibility and brightness. Secondly, it has low voltage demand, high power saving efficiency, fast response, light weight, thin thickness, simple structure and low cost, but micro OLED cost is high.


The Difference of TFT LCD and OLED

Technology: TFT LCD (Thin-Film Transistor Liquid Crystal Display) is a type of LCD technology that uses a backlight and a layer of liquid crystals to create images. On the other hand, OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode) uses organic materials that emit light when an electric current is passed through them.

Contrast Ratio: OLED displays have a higher contrast ratio than TFT LCD displays. This means that OLED displays are capable of producing deeper blacks and brighter whites, resulting in a more vivid and immersive viewing experience.

Viewing Angle: OLED displays have a wider viewing angle than TFT LCD displays. This means that the image on an OLED display remains clear and visible from a wider range of viewing angles.

Power Consumption: OLED displays consume less power than TFT LCD displays because they do not require a backlight. OLED displays only emit light in the areas where it is needed, resulting in better power efficiency.

Lifespan: OLED displays have a shorter lifespan than TFT LCD displays. This is because the organic materials used in OLED displays degrade over time and can result in image retention or burn-in.

In summary, TFT LCD and OLED are two different display technologies with their own unique characteristics. OLED displays have better contrast ratio, wider viewing angle, and lower power consumption, while TFT LCD displays have a longer lifespan. The choice between these two technologies ultimately depends on the specific requirements of the application and the preferences of the user.



RJOYTEK, which a LCD module custom and manufacturer in Shenzhen, China. We have obtained different Tech Patent-Certificate and ISO9001 Certification, obtained the national high-tech enterprise and Shenzhen high-tech enterprise certificate. We maintain close cooperation with AUO, BOE, Lnnolux, LG, Panda, Sharp and so on.

Our Mission

If there is no good solution in the LCD display module industry, everything will become very expensive. We hope to use simple methods to reduce costs for customers, so that every customer can get a cheap and simple LCD display module solution. Our mission is to provide customers with one-stop LCD display solutions. We provide various solutions, including customized product sizes, touch solutions for various touch-free TFT displays module, driver boards and adapter boards for various displays, so as to achieve the solutions that you want to connect item. We also provide customized services for various interfaces.



Round shape TFT LCD Panel

There are different size round TFT LCD display panel provide, 2.1 inch, 2.8 inch, 2.5 inch, 3.6 inch, 4 inch and 5 inch circular LCD panel, they are with capacitive touch or no touch, if you have interesting please contact us!

Square shape TFT LCD Panel

Small size and large size square TFT LCD panel, different size we could provide, they are touch or without touch, different interface, MIPI, SPI, RGB, LVDS, EDP and so on.

OLED Microdisplay

There are some different type OLED microdisplay, 0.38 inch, 0.39 inch, 0.71 inch, they are usually used for AR VR glasses display, head-mounted displays, and Near-Eye Displays and so on.